Thrush (oral candidiasis), also known as oral moniliasis, is a yeast infection of the mouth or throat (the oral cavity). The yeast that most commonly causes oral candidiasis is Candida albicans.
Thrush is very common in infants. Adults who develop thrush include:
· People with diabetes or other glandular (endocrine) disorders
· Denture wearers
· People taking antibiotics
· Persons undergoing chemotherapy
· Drug users
· People with poor nutrition
· Persons who have an immune deficiency, such as HIV
· People who use inhaled steroids for certain lung conditions
· Pregnant women or women on birth control pills
Thrush may appear as white or pale yellow spots on the inner surfaces of the mouth and throat, the tongue, and the lips. It may resemble cottage cheese or milk curds. However, scraping off these membranes may be difficult and may leave slightly bleeding sores.
Thrush may be associated with a burning sensation in the mouth or throat.
Thrush may make eating and drinking uncomfortable, and people with thrush may become dehydrated. It is important to maintain good nutrition and hydration while infected with thrush.
Thrush needs medications prescribed by a health care practitioner.
Thrush requires prescription medication after a quick visit to the physician. People with an immune system deficiency need even prompter and more aggressive treatment to make certain that the yeast does not enter the bloodstream or infect other organs. If the white or yellow membranes of thrush are accompanied by fever, chills, vomiting, or generalized illness, more immediate medical attention is warranted.